State Street’s Chart of the Week – Carney’s last chance

Please see below the latest ‘Chart of the Week’ from State Street Global Markets

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Carney's last chance

After years of fluctuating anticipation and fear, the UK’s legal departure from the EU may not be the relief once assumed for sterling. In fact, it may not even be the main event this week. Markets have been discounting the UK’s departure from the minute the exit polls were announced on 12 December. So much so that our valuation metrics collected by PriceStats* indicate that sterling’s under-valuation, which has ranged anywhere from 5-15% since the referendum, has almost been completely eliminated.  

Only time, and the future shape of a trade deal if one can be agreed, will tell whether the removal of this political risk premium is fully justified. Before then, the UK asset markets will be driven by more typical fundamental drivers and specifically whether further monetary stimulus is coming.

This too hinges around just how much uncertainty has been removed by December’s election. January survey data has certainly been consistent with something of a ‘Boris bounce’. But taking three leaves out of other central banks’ playbooks suggests that an insurance rate cut could still come.

First, the Bank of England(BoE) stands out as one of the few central banks not to follow the precautionary easing path, even though UK growth has faltered significantly. If trade discussions do start to go awry later in the year, it will be easier of the bank to have eased pre-emptively without any political overtones.

Second, our online measure of UK inflation from PriceStats suggests that UK inflation is temporarily benign and could soon turn. As the Fed did last year, this may encourage the BoE to ease when current inflation is low and falling.

Third and finally, following Mario Draghi’s last act as the president of the European Central Bank (ECB), it is tactically easier for an outgoing central bank governor to enact an insurance cut and give the successor a clear path to establish their credibility in a measured fashion.

Together all three suggest that the BoE’s action, if it is to occur, is likely to come sooner rather than later. In testimony to how quickly financial markets narrative change, this means that the UK’s departure from the EU at the end of month may yet be greeted by sterling weakness not strength.


*About State Street PriceStats®

PriceStats is a provider of high-frequency global inflation indices and purchasing power parities that offer insights into key macroeconomic variables. The indices are generated using software that scans the underlying code on public websites to capture the full array of products sold by online retailers, including food, beverages, electronics, apparel, furniture, household products, prescription drugs, and over-the-counter medicines. The technology monitors price fluctuations on roughly five million items sold by hundreds of online retailers in more than 70 countries. The PriceStats methodology is grounded in the extensive body of research of MIT professors Alberto Cavallo and Roberto Rigobon and their Billion Prices Project at MIT. Cavallo and Rigobon have leveraged this research and their expertise in monetary economics to develop the PriceStats indices.

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